making

Appeal against the Decision for Rejection

Q1. We understand that an Appeal can be filed against the Decision for Rejection.  What are the steps necessary for filing an Appeal?

A1.  Firstly, a Notice of Appeal, which is a formal document requesting the initiation of Appeal Proceedings, is filed by the deadline which is three months (for Applicants residing in Japan) or four months (for foreign Applicants) from the dispatch date of the Decision for Rejection. 

Further, any amendment  (if any) must be filed simultaneously with the filing of the Notice of Appeal.  (In the case of patent applications filed on or before March 31, 2007, divisional applications can be filed only simultaneously with the filing of the Notice of Appeal.  In the case of parent patent applications filed on or after April 1, 2007, divisional applications can be filed either before, simultaneously with or after the filing of the Notice of Appeal as long as it is before the expiration of the above-mentioned deadline for filing the Notice of Appeal.)  With respect to the amendment, please note that there is a restriction to the permissible claim amendments.  Please see section “Restriction to Permissible Claim Amendments after Final Rejection” for more details.

Next, any arguments, reference materials and/or experimental reports are filed as an Appeal Brief (i.e., Reasons for Appeal).  The Appeal Brief can be filed either simultaneously with the Notice of Appeal or after the filing of the Notice of Appeal.  When the Appeal Brief is not filed with the Notice of Appeal, the due date for filing the Appeal Brief will be set by the Japan Patent Office, and it is usually about 2 months from the filing date of the Notice of Appeal.

Q2. Is it possible to obtain any extension of deadline for filing the Notice of Appeal or the Appeal Brief?

A2.  No.  The deadlines for filing a Notice of Appeal and an Appeal Brief are non-extensible

Q3. Is it possible to submit new experimental data in the appeal stage?

A3.  Yes.  Any experimental data can be filed together with the Appeal Brief except that effectiveness of data may vary depending on the purpose of the data.

Submission of data for demonstrating novelty and/or inventive step of an invention over prior art is effective if the data itself is appropriate for this purpose; whereas data submitted at the appeal stage cannot compensate for the lack of enabling disclosure or lack of support in the specification, and such data are usually dismissed as late filed.

The Japanese patent system does not allow for applicants to establish the enabling disclosure requirement and/or supporting disclosure requirement through later-filed evidence. That is, these requirements must be satisfied by the patent application as filed, and later-filed data for making up the deficiency in this respect will not be admitted by the JPO.

Q4. Is there an opportunity to file additional amendments and/or divisional applications after the filing of the Notice of Appeal?

A4.  Concerning additional amendments after the filing of the Notice of Appeal, such additional amendments are admissible only when the applicant responds to a Notice of Rejection which may or may not be issued in the appeal stage.   That is, the applicant may not be given any opportunity to file an amendment after the filing of the Notice of Appeal.  Therefore, it is safer to consider that the time of filing of the Notice of Appeal is substantially the last chance to file amendments.

On the other hand, as mentioned in A1 above, in the case of patent applications filed on or after April 1, 2007, divisional applications may be filed even after the filing of the Notice of Appeal as long as it is before the expiration of the deadline for filing the Notice, i.e., three months (for Applicants residing in Japan) or four months (for foreign Applicants) from the dispatch date of the Decision for Rejection.

タグ:

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《合併契約書》

合併契約書(和英)

原文:

合 併 契 約 書

会社A(以下、「甲」という。)と会社B(以下、「乙」という。)とは、両社の合併に際して次の契約を締結する。 

第1条       甲と乙は、甲を吸収合併存続会社、乙を吸収合併消滅会社として合併(以下、「本合併」という。)し、甲は乙の権利義務の全部を承継する。

  2 本合併に係る吸収合併存続会社及び吸収合併消滅会社の商号及び本店は、以下のとおりとする。

(1)吸収合併存続会社
    商号 会社A
    本店 東京都港区・・・・・

(2)吸収合併消滅会社
    商号 会社B
    本店 東京都中央区・・・・・

第2条       甲と乙は完全兄弟会社であるから、甲は本合併に際し、甲の株式その他の金銭を乙の親会社に対して割当交付しない。

第3条       本合併により甲の資本金、資本準備金、その他資本剰余金の額、利益準備金、その他利益剰余金は増加しない。

第4条       効力発生日は、平成26年9月1日とする。ただし、この前日までに合併に関し必要な手続が遂行できないときは、甲及び乙が協議の上、会社法の規定に従い、これを変更することができる。

第5条       乙は、平成25年12月31日現在の貸借対照表その他同日現在の計算書類を基礎とし、これに効力発生日前日までの増減を加除した一切の資産、負債及び権利義務を効力発生日において甲に引き継ぐ。

  2 乙は、平成25年12月31日以降、効力発生日前日に至るまでの間に生じたその資産又は負債の変動については、別に計算書類を添付して、その内容を甲に明示しなければならない。

第6条       甲及び乙は、本契約締結後、効力発生日前日に至るまで、善良なる管理者の注意をもって各業務を遂行し、かつ、一切の財産の管理を行う。

第7条       甲は、効力発生日において、乙の従業員を甲の従業員として雇用する。

  2 勤続年数は、乙の計算方式による年数を通算するものとし、その他の細目については甲及び乙が協議して決定する。

甲と乙は、本契約につき承認を得るため、平成26年8月31日までに、それぞれの株主総会の承認を得る。

第8条       本契約締結の日から効力発生日までの間において、天災地変その他の事由により、甲若しくは乙の資産状態若しくは経営状態に重大な変動が生じた場合又は隠れたる重大な瑕疵が発見された場合には、甲及び乙が協議の上、本契約を変更し、又は解除することができる。

第10条 本契約に規定のない事項又は本契約の解釈に疑義が生じた事項については、甲及び乙が誠意をもって協議の上、解決する。

第11条 本契約は、甲乙各々の株主総会の承認を得ることができない場合には、その効力を失うものとする。

本契約の締結を承認するため本書2通を作成し、甲乙各1通を保有する。

 

平成26年  月  日

(甲) 
東京都港区・・・・・
会社A
代表取締役 山田太郎  印 

(乙)
東京都中央区・・・・・
会社B
代表取締役 山本二郎  印

 

英訳文:

Merger Agreement

              Company A (hereinafter referred to as “Party A”) and Company B (hereinafter referred to as “Party B”) make an agreement for their merger as follows: 

Article 1
(1)          Parties A and B shall be merged by an absorption-type merger (hereinafter referred to as “this merger”).  In this merger, Party A shall be the surviving company, Party B shall be the dissolving company, and Party A shall succeed to all the rights and obligations of Party B.

(2)          The trade name and head office address of each of the surviving and dissolving companies are as follows.

(i)           The surviving company
              Trade name: Company A
              Head office address: ….., ….., Minato-ku, Tokyo

(ii)          The dissolving company
              Trade name: Company B
              Head office address: ….., ….., Chuo-ku, Tokyo 

Article 2
Parties A and B are wholly-owned sister companies and, in this merger, Party A does not allot any share or money of Party A to the parent company of Party B.

Article 3
This merger does not increase the amount of the stated capital, legal capital surplus, other capital surplus, retained earnings reserve, or other earned surplus of Party A.

Article 4
The date on which this merger agreement becomes effective shall be September 1, 2014.  However, when the procedure necessary for this merger is not completed by the date before the effective date, the effective date can be changed upon mutual consultation between Parties A and B in accordance with the provisions of the Company Law.

Article 5
(1)         On the date on which this merger agreement becomes effective, Party B shall render to Party A all of its assets, liabilities, rights and obligations, which are assessed on the basis of the balance sheet and other calculation documents of Party B as of December 31, 2013, taking into consideration all the increases/decreases occurring during the period of from the date after December 31, 2013 to the date before the effective date.

(2)          Party B shall also present to Party A a separate calculation document showing all the increases/decreases occurring in its assets and liabilities during the period of from the date after December 31, 2013 to the date before the effective date.

Article 6
Parties A and B shall perform their task and administrate all their properties with the due care of a prudent manager during the period of from the date of making this merger agreement to the date before the date on which this merger agreement becomes effective.

Article 7
(1)          Party A shall employ the employees of Party B as the employees of Party A on the date on which this merger agreement becomes effective.

(2)          The period of service at Party B, which is calculated in accordance with the method of Party B, shall be added to the period of service at Party A.  The other details shall be determined upon mutual consultation between Parties A and B.

Article 8
Each of Parties A and B shall obtain the approval of this merger agreement by its general shareholders’ meeting by August 31, 2014.

Article 9
In case a serious fluctuation occurs or a serious defect is revealed in the financial status or business situation of Party A or B on account of natural disasters or the like during the period of from the date of making this merger agreement to the date on which this merger agreement becomes effective, this merger agreement can be amended or cancelled upon mutual consultation between Parties A and B.

Article 10
Any matter not stipulated in this merger agreement or any doubt arising as to the interpretation of the provisions of this merger agreement shall be resolved upon mutual consultation between Parties A and B conducted in good faith.

Article 11
This merger agreement shall not take effect when it is not approved by the general shareholders’ meetings of both Parties A and B.

The agreement document is prepared in duplicate for the approval of this merger agreement.  One copy of the document shall be possessed by Party A and the other by Party B.


(Month)      (Day)        , 2014

(Party A)
….., ….., Minato-ku, Tokyo
Company A
President     Taro YAMADA   (sealed) 

(Party B)
….., ….., Chuo-ku, Tokyo
Company B
President     Jiro YAMAMOTO   (sealed)

タグ:

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